It is always difficult to give an exact definition of a complex set of phenomena that usage has brought together under the common term of music. These terms, which everyone understands or think they understand, no longer present anything specific as soon as we try to strictly limit them. It is therefore not easy to find a complete and satisfactory explanation of everything contained in the word “Music “. None of the definitions proposed can be, without restrictions, acceptable. It is the art of combining sounds in a way that is pleasant to the ear, people used to say in the past. No doubt, but who has ever been able to maintain that it should limit its ambition there? Who will flatter themselves by determining what is really pleasant to the ear? Certain sound combinations, certain timbres, certain chords which, considered in isolation, would produce a hard and annoying impression on our senses, are they not used, with advantage, in many places of works considered admirable? Would we rather say that it is the art of moving through combinations of sounds? This definition will not be more complete and, like the other, presents only one of the various cities by which the question should be considered.
So, without worrying any longer about determining all that this word contains a single formula, let us endeavor to show all the complexity of the subject. With these different sides of the problem cleared up, the reader may be able to try a synthesis and at least have a clear idea of the multiple phenomena that comprise a term that uses made him familiar.
Music is a new art
Let us first remove all ambiguity. What we call music is new art in the sense that it hardly resembles what the ancients, for example, used to call it. This word, in Greek Antiquity, had a much wider meaning and included poetry, pantomime, dance, many other things besides the art of sounds. Our word Art, taken in its general sense, corresponds fairly well to the music ancient. For us, music is only the art of sounds you can download Nigeria music here. It is through the physical impressions of sound, a vibration phenomenon perceived by the ear, that music acts on us and that it determines certain sensations, certain emotions, and certain ideas. Considered in isolation over time, a sound or a group of several sounds perceived together is only likely to produce sensations, pleasant or painful, or participating so weakly in one or the other of these qualities that one can say them indifferent.
The height depending on the number of vibrations, the intensity deriving from the amplitude of these same vibrations, or the timbre resulting from the more or less unconscious perception of the accompanying harmonics, differentiate between them the isolated sounds. The agglomerations known as chords, moreover, impress us more or less agreeably according to the numerical relationships of the simple sounds which compose them. However, no specific law allows us to determine in advance the effect produced, on our ear, by such or such sound or such or such agreement. There is no doubt that habit and education strongly influence us; usage has so blunted our sensitivity in this regard, that we can, in general.
The rhythm, symmetrical division of time by the sounds
If we now examine a series of sounds, simple or superimposed, heard successively, the phenomenon becomes more complicated. The melody, that is to say, the musical effect produced by the sounds formulated in more or less symmetrical sentences, the harmony, and result of the different groups of successive sounds heard simultaneously, the rhythm, symmetrical division of time by the sounds, will act in turn on our sensitivity. These are the modes of action specific to music and those by which it will deserve the name of art. Depending on whether the use or association of ideas has attached such or such meaning to these formulas, they will evoke in our mind various and more or less intense emotions. Furthermore, to a higher degree, by combining these forms into larger sets, we will be able to perceive certain general ideas and derive, from the relationships and proportions of the parts to the whole, some abstract notions, of purely intellectual character by, therefore.